Front page can contain a gallery section, which consists of posts of a Image Post Format.

You have to create multiple (at least six) posts of this format and assign categories to them.

image-post-format

To show the menu-filter of gallery on the front page, you need to create it, go to Appearance > Menus.

image-post-format-2

Then, in section Customizer Home Sections Order, to set visibility and order set.

sections